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Redwork Quilt with Masonic Symbols
1908
Celestia A. Milliken (b. ca. 1853) and Freeland R. Bunker (1845-1909)
USA: Maine, Winter Harbor
Cotton
overall: 84 1/4 in x 83 1/2 in
Museum purchase
2001.060

Masonic redwork quilt made of seventy-two 9 inch square white blocks with red embroidery. Each block shows a Masonic symbol including: square; sun; shooting star; all-seeing eye; crescent moon; nine stars; plumb; square and compasses on book; Jacob's ladder; lamp; heart; sword; Past Master jewel; triple tau in circle; ruler or straightedge; Teutonic cross with x's; five-point star; three steps; time and the virgin; ark; double-headed eagle; female figure of Justice; rose croix jewel; scythe; keystone with HTWSSTKS; crossed quills; star of David; lamb; WSB columns (3); anchor; ribbon with "charter"; cable tow; apron; hand with sprig; pair of angels with "F & AM" shield; G; hour glass; sword and Constitutions; Maltese cross; square and compasses; hill with figures; cross and crown; architectural elements; Royal Arch with figures installing keystone; two men shaking hands; ark of the covenant; fruit on branch; two lines and a circle with book; altar; Holy Bible; mallet or hammer; smooth and rough ashlar; pair of columns (Jachin and Boaz); crossed swords; Euclid's 47th; level; crossed keys; tree; winding stairs; and trowel. One nine inch border along the bottom is embroidered in red, "DESIGNED AND DRAWN BY F. R. BUNKER / WORKED BY MRS. C. A. MILLIKEN 1908." Machine-pieced. Muslin backing in four pieces. Straight-applied binding with squared corners. Medium batting. Hand-quilted at eight stitches per inch in parallel lines (bottom border), outline and half-circle pattern (clover-like in some areas).


In 1908, the Winter Harbor Masonic Lodge elected Hilliard Smallidge (1867-1926) as Senior Steward. Possibly in celebration of this event, Freeland R. Bunker, a relation and founding member of the lodge, and Celestia Milliken, Hilliard's older sister and a professional seamstress, designed and made this quilt. Never used, this quilt passed from Hilliard to his son, Carlton, and then to his grandson. Over the years, the family preserved it as a memorial to Carlton, who died at the age of 34. Freeland Bunker kept a diary and mentions this quilt on a few occasions, such as on December 13, 1907, when he wrote "I stay at home and draw designs for a Masonic quilt."



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